Everything You Need to Know
About San Marino

San Marino is a small enclave surrounded by Italy. It is also known as “the Most Serene Republic of San Marino.” With these interesting facts about San Marino, let’s explore more about its history, geography, economy, tourism and more.

Historical facts about San Marino

  • A Christian stonemason named Marinus founded it in A.D. 301.
  • The San Marino flag was officially adopted on April 6, 1862. The blue color on the flag represents the skies and white represents the snow covering Mt. Titano.
  • The first commemorative stamps in the country were issued in 1894.
  • The country has lost all of their 30 World Cup and European Championship qualifying matches since 2008.


  • San Marino, officially, the Republic of San Marino, is a south European country.
  • Geographically San Marino is the third smallest state in Europe, and the landlocked nation also claims to be the world’s oldest republic.
  • The only countries in the world that have a smaller land area than San Marino are: The Vatican state, Monaco, Nauru, and Tuvalu. Thus, San Marino is the world’s fifth smallest country.
  • The longest part of the country is between northeast and southwest, stretching around 13 km.
  • In area, the country is one-third the size of Washington, DC.
  • San Marino is surrounded on all sides by Italy. So it just has one bordering country.

Location of San Marino

  • The country’s capita – “The city of San Marino” is situated on the top of Mt Titano.
  • There is just 292 km of paved roads in the country.
  • “Gendarmerie” is the name by which police force in San Marino is known in the country.
  • San Marino is one of the densely populated countries in the world.

About San Marino’s economy

  • San Marino is devoid of any official state religion.
  • San Marino’s economy is backed by tourism, the banking sector, the manufacture and export of ceramics, paints, clothing, furniture, fabric and wine.
  • Italy imports almost 80% of the goods manufactured in San Marino.
  • With a total internet subscriber base of 17,200; almost 53% of the country’s population uses the internet.
  • Did you know that sale of postage stamps bring handsome revenue to the country as the San Marino’s postage stamps are valued by collectors all over the world?

Flag of San Marino

  • Electricity in San Marino is imported from Italy via electrical grid.
  • In terms of GDP, San Marino is one of the wealthiest countries in the world.
  • Did you know that San Marino is the only country in the world with more vehicles than people? There were 1263 vehicles for every 1000 people in the country in 2010.
  • San Marino-Rimini railway was constructed in the 1930s. The development of railways at that time helped the country attract tourists from Italy and all over the world.

Fun facts about San Marino

  • People of San Marino are known as Sammarinese.
  • Napoleon also offered to help the country extend its territory (1797), however his offer was politely refused by high ranking officials from the country at that time.
  • For every 1000 females in San Marino, there are 940 males.
  • Mount Titano and the historic center of San Marino is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.